Like humans, puppies can have allergic reactions and they can range from
mild to severe. Some puppies have extreme reaction to bee stings,
which can cause swelling. Determine your puppy’s body weight and
give ˝ mg. of Benadryl for each pound of weight to slow the reaction,
and then get to your Vet or an emergency animal hospital immediately.
Allergic symptoms in puppies are much the same as they are in humans.
Swollen face, watery eyes, itching, respiratory problems and excessive
sneezing all tell you that your puppy is having a reaction. Don’t ignore
the warning signs. Seek veterinarian assistance immediately.
Fractures and Broken
you believe that your puppy has fractured a leg, it needs immediate attention. Before taking your
puppy to the animal hospital or vet’s, stabilize the injury. Wrap it is
a thick bandage that’s well padded to prevent further damage. Make sure
the bandage extends well above and below the injured area. If the leg is
swelling rapidly and the bandage becomes too tight, loosen it a little.
Once the bandage is properly adjusted, take your puppy to an animal
hospital or to your vet immediately. Fractures and broken bones that are
not properly cared for can leave permanent damage that will affect your
puppy’s quality of life as she grows older.
Taking Puppy’s Pulse:
The pulse, a transmitted heartbeat, is easily
detected by feeling the femoral artery, located in
the groin. With your dog standing, or preferably
lying on his back, feel along the inside of the
thigh where the leg joins the body. Press with your
fingers until you locate the pulse.
The pulse rate is determined by counting the number
of beats per minute. Most adult dogs at rest
maintain a rate of 100 to 160 beats per minute. In
young puppies the heart rate is about 220 beats per
leave your puppy unattended in a vehicle for any length of time. The
temperature inside a your vehicle escalates quickly and your puppy can literally
be baked alive.
Advanced First Aid for Puppies:
Though we do our utmost to keep our puppies without injury or illness, there
are times when disaster strikes. If this happens to you, you need to be
prepared in order to save your puppy’s life. It is imperative that you know
exactly what to do in every given situation.
Puppy CPR: Calm you puppy as much as possible, lay him on his
side and pull his tongue out of his mouth. Align his head and neck to open
airways. Enfold your hand around his muzzle, gently closing his mouth. Place
your mouth over his muzzle and give two full breaths of air. If the airway
is clear, and then you must go on with CPR/resuscitation at the rate of ten breaths per minute and
transport your puppy to the nearest Vet or Emergency Animal Hospital.
If the air doesn’t flow easily into the airway, check the puppy’s mouth and
throat for obstructions. Remove any foreign matter or objects and try the
CPR again. If the air still isn’t reaching your puppy’s lungs, you must try the Heimlich maneuver.
Maneuver for Puppies:
Make a fist with one hand and place it against your
puppy’s stomach. Using both hands, lift your puppy’s back legs off the
ground. Thrust upward rapidly three times. Lay your puppy on his side and
try to administer CPR. Transport your puppy to the nearest animal hospital or
Choking: If your puppy is
small, sit on the floor and place the puppy on your knee so his stomach is
against it. Place your hands on the puppy’s back and quickly push him
against your knee in a thrusting motion. Be firm, yet gentle. If you are too
rough, you can injure your puppy’s back stomach or ribs. For puppies that are too large to place on your knee, stand over his back
with one leg on each side. Lift his back legs off the ground, place your
hand against his stomach and thrust upward. Repeat 5 times if necessary. If
the object doesn’t dislodge, lay your puppy on his side and perform the
Heimlich maneuver. If this doesn’t help, seek veterinary care immediately.
Burns: Never put
antibiotics, antiseptics, Vaseline or other oils or cortisone on burns that
are suffered by your puppy. Use cold water or ice to sooth the injury and
take your puppy to the nearest animal hospital or veterinary clinic
immediately. Never treat burns at home. The risk of both internal and
external infection is extremely high. Vet care is imperative for even
the slightest burns.
If the head injury
is slight, apply ice to prevent swelling and watch your puppy carefully for
24 hours. If he seems to suffer no adverse effects, veterinarian care is not
essential. If the injury is severe and your puppy loses consciousness,
do not try to revive him. Place an ice pack on the injured area and take him
to the nearest animal hospital or veterinary clinic.
Gunshot Wounds: If your puppy is
accidentally or intentionally shot, do your best to stop the bleeding and
take him to the closest animal hospital or veterinary clinic. Even small
gunshot wounds can cause severe infections and it’s possible that there are
internal injuries that can’t be seen.
If your puppy suffers a puncture
wound of the abdomen or thorax, he needs immediate
Vet care. Never remove an object that is
protruding from your puppy. Control the bleeding by
packing thick gauze pads around the object, trying not
to move it. If the injury is causing air to escape from
your puppy’s body, coat a gauze pad with Vaseline or
Petroleum Jelly and place it over the wound to seal it.
Transport your puppy to the Vet or Emergency Animal hospital immediately.
First Aid Kit:
Keep a copy of these procedures in your puppy’s first
aid kit, so you have immediate access proper procedures
in every situation. Your puppy is a valued member of your family and he
deserves the best possible care in emergency situations.
including the dog's health record, medications, local and national
poison control numbers, regular veterinary clinic hours and
telephone numbers, and Emergency clinic hours and telephone number
should be kept handy.